What is Cell Therapy?
What are Stem Cells?
All cells divide to create new cells that are an exact copy of themselves. Stem cells, however, can either divide and make a copy of themselves or make a copy of a different kind of cell. So, if the stem cells are placed in an injured muscle, there is a strong likelihood that they will divide and make new muscle cells.
There are different types of cells being studied and used in medicine today as this is a relatively new field. It is important to differentiate the kinds of cells used by doctors in the Orthopedic Centers of America network. The sources of cells are
Adults cells (2 kinds):
- Autologous (meaning from your own body): these are most often the source of cells and they come from your bone marrow or blood.
- Allogeneic (meaning from a donor): in some cases, your bone marrow cells are not sufficient to repair. These cells may come from umbilical cords which are rich with growth factors and cells. At this time, Orthopedic Centers of America has doctors only using autologous cells as that method of cell sourcing has been around for decades (bone marrow transplant) and is the most proven method, at least until studies advance more in the U.S.
Bone marrow has a unique blend of the repair components that improve the regeneration of damaged muscles, bones, ligaments and tendons. For this reason, bone marrow may be used to treat an injury or chronic pain.
Common Stem Cell Treatments
Cell therapy may be a treatment option for orthopedic indications that include but are not limited to the following:
- Knee – arthritis, meniscus tears, tendon and ligament tears, overuse injuries
- Hip – injuries, arthritis, bursitis and other degenerative conditions
- Shoulder – arthritis, rotator cuff tears and other shoulder conditions
- Spine and Cervical Conditions: back pain, pain from bulging or herniated discs, degenerative disc or a torn disc
- Elbow – injuries, overuse conditions and arthritis (tendon and ligament issues)
- Hand/Wrist – arthritis and other conditions
- Foot/Ankle – ligament tears, sprains and instability of the ankle joint
- Non-union fractures
There are many benefits of using regenerative medicine applications such as cell therapy. The following are a few:
- Pain relief
- In office or outpatient procedure
- No hospital stay
- Healing process is accelerated
- Natural process that addresses the root of the injury
- Use of your own cells
- No risk of rejection
- Harnesses your body’s own natural healing ability
- No transmission of communicable diseases
The risks of Cell Therapy are no more than the risks of other injections. The bone marrow harvest procedure carries the risks associated from the administration of local anesthesia.
Bone Marrow Harvest Procedures
Bone marrow stem cells are gathered through a needle placed in the iliac crest or hip bone. A local anesthesia is used to minimize pain. You may feel a sensation of pressure, but it is not painful. This brief procedure may be preceded by the administration of an oral pill to increase the number of stem cells in your bone marrow. Since stem cells residing in the bone marrow decline as we age, a pill or injection may be used to stimulate stem cell production in anticipation of a harvest for your injury.
At Orthopedic of America, we only provide orthopedic procedures that are allowed by the FDA. You can trust us to match you with an orthopedic specialist whose expertise in regenerative medicine will guide you to choose a procedure with which you are comfortable. Call 1-888-549-0835 to speak to a patient coordinator today and be matched with a regenerative medicine orthopedic specialist near you.
Orthopedic Centers of America does not participate in cells sourced from Embryonic, Umbilical Cord Blood/Placental Tissue, Amniotic Fluid, or Amniotic Tissue. Only adult cells from one’s own body are used in these treatments.